So…What is Democracy?


Any dictionary will define it as the "Form of Government of free people, where citizens are equal before the law". A scholar will say that democracy is the "Organization of States where the people make decisions through their elected representatives." President Abraham Lincoln defined the democratic system as the "Government of the people, for the people, by the people."

            The term "democracy" originated in Athens (500 BC) 2,500 years ago when the Greeks of that time joined two words "demos" which translates as "people" and "kratos" which means "power".

            Some current opinions that do not believe in democracy, when they speak of "popular democracy ', or 'participatory democracy', or other fallacies, they are distorting the meaning to accommodate their interests.

Therefore we should expand its meaning by identifying the Democratic System’s three golden rules: (1) it is the Government of the majority, which guarantees the rights and liberties of minorities, within the framework of the rule of law and the laws of the nation. (2) Guarantees regular free elections, so it requires every time the alternation in the exercise of power. (3) Divides the organs of power of the State, because the accumulation of powers is the characteristic of tyranny, the antagonistic model of democracy.

Libertador Simón Bolívar, in 1814, stated "Flee from the country where one controls all the powers: it is a country of slaves".

About the appetite for power that some rulers cannot get rid of, the English thinker John Emerich Acton sentenced "Power tends to corrupt, absolute power corrupts absolutely".

The Italian Historian Cesare Cantu has demonstrated in his work "The rise and Fall of the Roman Empire" that when prosperous and powerful nations abandon the Fundamental Principles, they revert to a primitive States of civilization.

Therefore, it is inferred that the destiny of people that live in a perverted democracy and are unable to mature is still worse.

The defense of democracy is a task for all, so it is important to investigate, understand and defend it, in order to achieve a dignified life in liberty, justice and welfare. The inexorable judgment of the tomorrow’s people will be the measure of the success or failure of our generation.