REVISITING EL SALVADOR

 

By Armando Valladares, Former Ambassador of the United States to the United Nations Human Rights Commission

 

Since its origins, the Salvadoran subversive groups (guerrillas) were financed, trained, and directed by the Cuban services: Starting with the first organization, the FPL (Popular Liberation Forces) founded in 1970 -whose two top leaders were Salvador Cayetano Carpio (Commander Marcial) and Melida Anaya Montes (Commander Ana Maria)- until the creation of the FMLN (Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front), of which the FPL was a part.

 

If something characterized the subversive groups in El Salvador it was their cruelty; not only in their actions and crimes, which often affected the civilian population, but the purges (killings) within their own organizations, always targeting those commanders and leaders who held positions from the left but who were not Marxists or resisted to be subordinated to the Cuban Dictatorship.

 

That was the case of the Commander Ana María (Mélida Anaya Montes), who was brutally murdered with an ice pick in Managua, Nicaragua, on April 6, 1983. In an initial mockery of investigation, Commander Marcial (Salvador Cayetano Carpio) was held responsible for her death; 6 days later, in El Salvador, Marcial in return, committed suicide in a suspicious way. It was eventually determined that he was not responsible for that or any other deaths within his own ranks including the killing of poet Roque Dalton.

 

Not by chance the direct beneficiary of the deaths of Commander Ana María and of Commander Marcial, is the current candidate for the Presidency of El Salvador, Salvador Sanchez Ceren, who, when both of his superiors in the hierarchy were eliminated and  no longer a threat, he became the general Secretary of the FPL and joined the FMLN general command. He became the replacement of Shafik Handal.

 

Salvador Sanchez Ceren’ hands not only are stained with the blood of innocent people, and of those he considered enemies of class, he is also responsible in the brutal death of several of his “supposed brothers in arms”, and of his superiors, as were Commander Ana María and Commander Marcial.

 

It must be recognized that current President Mauricio Funes, despite the fact that many of his political postulates do not adhere to the of the Inter-American Democratic Charter, he has been in fact an obstruction, in these past four years, of the aspirations of the FMLN in El Salvador to become another Venezuela, and another Cuban colony, part of the Union of the Castrist Socialist Republics (URSC).