IT WAS CUBA
By Carlos Alberto Montaner
Another very important book has been published by Juan Bautista Yofre: “It was Cuba”.
“Tata” Yofre is a remarkable Argentine journalist who led his country's intelligence services at the time of Carlos Menem. That experience left his passion for accurate information and some valuable contacts.
Yofre had access to nothing less than 11,000 Czech intelligence documents detailing thoroughly Cuba illegal intervention in the internal affairs of half planet, and especially in Latin America.
Such Cuban imperial spasm was called "Operation Manuel". The Czech Services, very much controlled by the USSR, were chosen by Moscow and by the KGB to coordinate subversive efforts with Havana. The Soviets wanted to delete his own footprints.
What did Castrism do in Argentina? A terrible thing: in the early years of the 1960s decade, it helped derail the weak establishment of civil democracy in times of José María Guido and of Arturo Illia presidencies. Then, dozens of violent Argentines, from Mario Roberto Santucho to John William Cooke, went to Havana, seeking aid and ammunition,
Cuba inspired, trained, armed, and launched a guerilla movement against an Argentina which, under the direction of an honest doctor -Arturo Illia- was struggling to stabilize the nation, bury the militarism and again place the nation under the authority of the law. They were fighting against democracy.
At that time, the journalist Jorge Massetti, dazzled by the Cuban experience – he lived in Havana and directed Prensa Latina news agency - infiltrated in Salta, Northwest of Argentina, heading an armed group, which was called "Army Guerrilla of the People", to recreate the Castro experience in their country of origin and to erect a Communist dictatorship.
Massetti chose the pseudonym "Second Commander". The "First" was his friend Ernesto “Che” Guevara, who would join the fight, as head of the group, as soon as they established a guerrilla front. But it could not be. The army quickly liquidated that delirious adventure. Massetti corpse never appeared.
It happened the same in all Latin America: In Uruguay, the Switzerland of America, as it has been documented convincingly by former President Julio Maria Sanguinetti, Castro leftist, led by the Tupamaros, began to steal gun shops and banks, kidnapped, murdered and assaulted military barracks, causing violent and, at times, criminal, military reaction.
The current candidate for Vice President by the Frente Amplio, Raúl Sendic, born in 1962, studied in Cuba from 1980 to 1984 (which perhaps vaccinated him against this nonsense) because his father, of the same name, was the head, the heart and the first gun of this regrettable terrorist gang causing so much damage to the country, although today it is being tried to rewrite that tragic history.
Why Cuba had so much influence? In essence, the Messianic personality of Fidel Castro, who, by disproportionate and crazy that the project was, he decided to conquer the planet and bring to knees the hated American neighbor, as he pointed out in a letter written in the summer of 1958 to his mistress and confidante Celia Sánchez: "When this war is over - he wrote-, it will begin for me a much more long and large war": the war I'm going to throw against them. "I realize that that is going to be my true destiny".
And it was so. Since Batista defeat, Castro turned Cuba into a great revolutionary base dedicated to international armed action. As a former sandinista commander told me: "more than a nation, Cuba was a nest of machine guns in movement".
"Make revolution", anywhere, was Fidel Castro’s leitmotiv, his most intimate and persistent passion. For this purpose he sought the protection of the USSR, adopted the repressive Stalinist model and no less lethal Marxist-Leninist collectivism, allied to all pre-existing liberation movements, such as the Algerian, or helped create them in any part, as the Colombian ELN, offering weapons, training, money, and a methodology based on the Cuban experience, which he called "foquism".
Why this madness? Because Fidel Castro, who grew up in the smell of gunfire and among gangsters in his youth, in 1947, during the frustrated expedition against Dominican dictator Trujillo, planned in Cuba with the collaboration of the "Caribbean Legion", and then the “Bogotazo” of 1948, he had acquired "the condottieri syndrome", that marker whiplash of adrenaline given by the military adventures and the possibility of performing feats that stick you forever in history and in the frightened memory of men.
Not in vain, in those tumultuous years, predicting his dazzling destiny, he changed his second name: It used to be Fidel Hipolito and he changed to Fidel Alejandro. His destiny was to conquer the world. His battle horse was not called Bucephalus. It was called Cuba. It was Cuba.